King Louis VII, King Philippe Auguste, King Louis VIII The Lion, King Louis IX Saint Louis

King Henri II, King Richard the Lion Heart, King John Lackland, Eleanor of Aquitaine, King Henri III

First 100 Year War

From 1159 to 1259 the Capetian and Angevin-Plantagenet dynasties clash in political & military battle for control over the lands we now know as France. In 1159 the royal power of the king of France is not extensive, through suzerainty only, the Capetian influence extends far beyond the domain of  Île-de-France. The Capetians focus to take control of all Angevin-Plantagenet land and titles, plunges both into complex dynastic wars fought across Europe from the Spanish alliances to the south, to the northern Europe across the Holy Roman Empire.

This is not war between France and England, rather a feudal conflict between two French dynasties. The Angevin-Plantagenets hold the crown of England through marriage with William the Conquers grandchildren, importantly their European landholdings are more important than the English. The line commencing through a nickname of Geoffroy V d'Anjou-Maine, a dig at the number of bastard children he sired across Europe.  At the commencement of the conflict the Angevin-Plantagenet lands are vaster than the King of France, who was the feudal overlord of the King of England for most of the lands held in Europe.  The period is marked by both dynastys violent internal feudes, often through the marriage alliances into the noble houses of Europe. This creates complex and competing claims to titles, and internal family conflict over inheritances.

The significance of this period of  Plantagentent Capetian conflict, are seen in the changes to the feudal power structure across the land not that is not yet France. The early medieval period evolves into the powerful individual counties and dukedoms of the 12th century. Bonded through feudal fidelity to overlords, renewed annually through pledge, the delivery & obligation of political alliances, military service and supply of goods from annual harvest. The rise of the single family power base of the  Angevin-Plantagenet dynasty threatens the balance of power held by the King of France as the major feudal overlord. The Angevin-Plantagenet Dynasty was noted for the fiery red hair of many of its most famous individuals.

The conflict of this period sees the rise of kings and two powerful kingdoms; England and France, that bond once individual dukedoms into powerful family ruled kingdoms that change history of both, and geographicaly and culturally survive through to today.      

L’Hotel de Hercé is in the heart of the of the most important Dukedoms of the conflict in 100 Years’ War. The options of locations to visit are numerous, as are the gaming options we can explore. The principal Chateau cities of Le Mans, Laval, Saint Suzanne and Mayenne were the power centres of the Count of Maine and controlled the regions trade and production. With Angers and the Dukes of Anjou available for days tours. In 1133 Henri II was born in Le Mans the capital of Maine, an important County that acted as a buffer zone between Normandy, Brittany, Anjou, Blois and Touraine.  

Plantagenet v Capetian War 28mm

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